Daily Current Affairs of 22nd January 2020
First glimpse of ‘Vyommitra’, the humanoid for Gaganyaan; it’s a ‘She’
- With the first unmanned flight as part of the first human spaceflight programme (Gaganyaan) scheduled for later this year, here’s the first glimpse of the humanoid that the Indian Space Research Organisation (Isro) hopes to send before finally sending humans in 2022. And, while India is not sending women as part of Gaganyaan, the humanoid — a robot — will be a “woman”.
- Named ‘Vyommitra’, the “half-humanoid is capable of doing multiple tasks, including speak two languages.” The TOI was the first to report that Isro had plans of sending such a humanoid in January 2019, and is now the first to introduce her.
UP govt. to provide financial assistance under Mukhyamantri Krishak Durghatna Kalyan Yojana
- Uttar Pradesh state Government has launched Mukhyamantri Krishak Durghatna Kalyan Yojana. The scheme was launched after the cabinet meeting which was held on 21 January 2020. The announcement was made by the UP Power Minister Shrikant Sharma. The government also announced that it is to implement Mukhyamantri Paryatan Samvardhan Yojana.
- Mukhyamantri Krishak Durghatna Kalyan Yojana:
♦ The scheme will provide financial assistance of Rs.5 lakh to the family of farmers who die or become handicapped while working in fields.
♦ The scheme also includes Bataidars for the first time.
♦ The scheme will cover farmers and their family members in the age group of 18-70 years.
♦ The scheme was implemented on 14 September 2019 in the state.
- Mukhyamantri Paryatan Samvardhan Yojana:
♦ The scheme aims to boost tourism in the state.
♦ Under the scheme, one tourist point will be developed with a fund of Rs.50 lakh in each and every assembly segment of the state.
Note: Bataidars are people who work in the field of other persons and share the crop after it is harvested.
Mansukh Mandaviya participated in UNAIDS roundtable at WEF, Davos
- The Union Minister of State for Shipping (I/C) and Chemical & Fertilizers Mansukh Mandaviya participated in the High-level roundtable of The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) at World Economic Forum at Davos, Switzerland ion 21 January 2020.
The theme of the roundtable is Access for all: Leveraging Innovations, Investments, and Partnerships for Health.
♦ The officials discussed the health needs that are to be accessible for all and innovative technologies and solutions can play a key role, including in bridging economic inequalities.
♦ Mansukh Mandaviya mentioned Jan Aushadhi Pariyojana and Ayushman Bharat aiming to Affordable Quality Healthcare for all.
♦ He also described various schemes initiated by the GoI under the leadership of PM Narendra Modi.
In 2015, had delivered his key-note address in United Nations on 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. He also mentioned how the Government of India is changing the scenario of health-sector, and the policy changes driven by the Government for Affordable and Quality Health Access to All.
Dr. Jitendra Singh inaugurated Vigyan Samagam Exhibition in New Delhi
- The Union Minister of State (I/C) Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region, Dr. Jitendra Singh inaugurated India’s first global Mega Science Exhibition “Vigyan Samagam” at National Science Centre, New Delhi at 21 January 2020. It will be be held from 21 January to 20 March 2020 in New Delhi. The details about the exhibition, projects, and schedule are available on the Vigyan Samagam website www.vigyansamagam.in and on the mobile app Vigyan Samagam.
- Organized by:
The exhibition is jointly organized Department of Science and Technology (DST), Ministry of Science & Technology, GoI and the National Council of Science Museums (NCSM) under the ageis of the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE).
The exhibition aims to highlight the value and impact of fundamental research to a broad cross-section of the audience including students, academician, and industry. The exhibition also aims to further strengthen India’s participation in mega-science Projects
- Vigyan Samagam exhibition:
♦ Vigyan Samagam exhibition will showcase India’s contribution to international collaborations on fundamental science and research, and providing a common interactive platform for mega-science Projects, industry, academia, and institutions.
♦ It provides a science communication platform for members of civil society, policymakers, representatives of print and electronic media.
♦ It also ushers fundamental science and research as a strong career option for youngsters.
♦ The audience is expected to pave the way for greater interaction between all stakeholders in ideas including cross-fertilization.
♦ The Mega-science collaborations have proposed to showcase:
1. European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
2. Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR)
3. India-based Neutrino Observatory (INO)
4. International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER)
5. Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO)
6. Square Kilometre Array (SKA)
7. Thirty Meter Telescope (TMT)
♦ School activities like quizzes, drawing contests, essay-writing, and popular outdoor programmes like science awareness cyclothon, etc. will be carried out during VigyanSamagam.
♦ The Exhibition is aimed at igniting the minds of students, academia, and industry to look for opportunities to pursue fundamental science and research as a strong career option.
The Vigyan Samagam exhibition is first of its kind and is being hosted in Mumbai, Bengaluru, Kolkata, and Delhi from May 2019 to March 2020. The exhibition was hosted for around two months at each venue. It was held in Mumbai from 8 May 2019 to 7 July 2019, in Bengaluru from 29 July to 28 September 2019 and in Kolkata from 4 November to 31 December 2019.
Agriculture Ministry organized National consultative workshop
- The Ministry for Agriculture and Farmers Welfare organized the first National consultative workshop on Strengthening Agri-Logistics in the e-National Agriculture Market (e-Nam) in New Delhi on 21 January 2020. The workshop was inaugurated by the Union Minister for Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Shri Narendra Singh Tomar
The workshop aimed to strengthen agriculture and the rural economy as it will strengthen India to face challenges victoriously. The workshop is in line with the Prime Minister’s vision of doubling farmers’ income by 2022.
♦ The participants discussed the greatest challenges faced during providing farmers the correct price for their produce.
♦ Discussion included introducing ways to strengthen the economy and infrastructure of rural areas so that every facility is available to villagers at their door-step.
♦ The workshop shared the output of the PM-Kisan Samman Yojana, MaN-Dhan Yojana, PM-Fasal Bima Yojana, which showed good results.
Delegations including Union Minister of State for Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Shri Purushottam Rupala and Agriculture Secretary Shri Sanjay Aggrawal were present in the workshop. The National Consultative Workshop witnessed the participation of more than 200 prominent professionals, educationists, practitioners of Agri-Logistics, Cleaning, quality management, Grading, productivity analysis, warehousing and transportation, and logistics start-ups and senior officials from various states across India.
Electronic National Agriculture Market (e-NAM) is an electronic trading portal that creates a unified national market for agricultural commodities. It was established on 14 April 2016. e-NAM functions under the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare, Government of India.
Indian Navy signed MoU for offshore Data with GSI
- Indian Navy signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Geological Survey of India (GSI) on 21 January 2020. The MoU was signed by Commodore AA Abhyankar, who heads the Indian Navy’s Oceanology and Meteorology Directorate and Shri N Maran, Deputy Director-General of GSI.
- MoU Highlights:
♦ The MoU aims to ensure the sharing of seabed sediment data, products and expertise for Naval Application in Meteorology and Oceanography.
♦ GSI’s Marine and Coastal survey Division based at Mangaluru has mapped most of India’s 2.1 Million sq. km Exclusive Economic Zone and has a vast repository of offshore data.
♦ As per the MoU, the data collected using GSI’s oceanic research vessels Samudra Manthan, Samudra Ratnakar, Samudra Kaustubh and Samudra Shaudhikama will be used by Indian Navy’s blue water fleet. Reliable and accurate oceanographic modeling will support the fleet’s expansive maritime operations in the Indian Ocean region.
- Geological Survey of India (GSI):
Established on: 1851
Director-General: S. N. Meshram C.G.S.
GSI functions under the Ministry of Mines. It is one of the key national survey organizations of India.
India, Brazil to sign Bilateral Investment Treaty and Strategic Action Plan
- India and Brazil will be signing a Bilateral Investment Treaty (BIT) during the visit of Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro as the Chief Guest of the Republic Day celebrations from 24-27 January 2020. Around 20 agreements are to be signed.
- Action plan:
♦ The two countries aim to upgrade the strategic partnership with an action plan.
♦ The Strategic Partnership Action Plan will serve as an umbrella agreement for the plans the two countries will make in order to increase defence cooperation, technology sharing, and a logistics agreement.
♦ Also, the Bilateral Investment Treaty is expected to take the partnership between the countries to the next level
♦ The countries are committed to foster economic growth in both countries.
The bilateral relations between India and Brazil was elevated to a Strategic Partnership in 2006. Prime Minister Narendra Modi and President Bolsonaro met twice in 2019.
Maharashtra to make Marathi mandate in all schools in the state
- The Maharashtra government is to make it mandatory to teach the Marathi language in all schools in the state irrespective of mediums of instructions. The announcement was made by the Industries Minister Subhash Desai on 21 January during an interaction organized by the ‘Mumbai Marathi Patrakar Sangh’. The government will enact a law during the next Assembly session in February 2020. The draft bill in this connection is being prepared.
- Marathi language-Mandatory:
♦ The Maharashtra government is to frame a law in next month’s Assembly session.
♦ The state is to make it mandatory to teach the Marathi language from Class 1 to Class 10 in all schools irrespective of media of all instructions.
♦ There are 25,000 English medium schools in the state and the number is increasing.
♦ The government aims to carry out all its business in Marathi.
♦ It also stated that files without notings in the state language will not be accepted.